Who decided the border between India and Pakistan?

In order to determine exactly which territories to assign to each country, in June 1947, Britain appointed Sir Cyril Radcliffe to chair two boundary commissions—one for Bengal and one for Punjab.

Who decided the Partition of India?

The main spokesman for the partition was Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He became the first Governor-General of Pakistan. Millions of people moved across the new Radcliffe Line between the two newly formed states. The population of British India in 1947 was about 570 million.

Who set the boundary commission?

The commission—appointed by Lord Mountbatten, the final viceroy of British India—consisted of four members from the Indian National Congress and four from the Muslim League and was chaired by Sir Cyril Radcliffe.

Who Divided India from Pakistan?

At a press conference on 3 June 1947, Lord Mountbatten announced the date of independence – 15 August 1947 – and also outlined the actual division of British India between the two new dominions in what became known as the “Mountbatten Plan” or the “3 June Plan”.

Who opposed partition of India?

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan opposed the partition of India and campaigned against British rule in the country through nonviolence. Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan favoured a united India and was an ally of the Indian National Congress.

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Why did the partition of 1947 happen?

The Partition of India was on religious lines and based on the division of two provinces in the country – Bengal which was the biggest province of India and Punjab. … Hindus and Sikhs fled Pakistan in fear for life, a country that would be Muslim-controlled.

Who coined the word Pakistan?

In a 1933 pamphlet, Now or Never, Rahmat Ali and three Cambridge colleagues coined the name as an acronym for Punjab, Afghania (North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, and Indus-Sind, combined with the -stan suffix from Baluchistan (Balochistan).

What is the name of border between India and Afghanistan?

The Durand Line was established in 1893 as the international border between British India and the Emirate of Afghanistan by Mortimer Durand, a British diplomat of the Indian Civil Service, and Abdur Rahman Khan, the Afghan Emir, to fix the limit of their respective spheres of influence and improve diplomatic relations …

What was Pakistan before 1947?

The history of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan began on 14 August 1947 when the country came into being in the form of Dominion of Pakistan within the British Commonwealth as the result of Pakistan Movement and the partition of India.

Who drew Pakistan map?

In July 1947, about five weeks before the British were scheduled to depart the Indian subcontinent, Sir Cyril Radcliffe, a British lawyer, was commissioned to draw the borders that would divide British India into two countries – Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India.

Who was the first president of Pakistan?

There have been thirteen presidents of Pakistan since the introduction of the post in 1956. The office was established when Pakistan was declared as a republic with the adoption of the 1956 constitution, and Iskander Mirza became the first president of the country.

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Who gave 2 nation theory?

Thus, many Pakistanis describe modernist and reformist scholar Syed Ahmad Khan (1817–1898) as the architect of the two-nation theory.

Why was Punjab divided?

Following widespread religious violence in 1947, the Punjab Province of British India was divided along religious lines into West Punjab and East Punjab. The West Punjab became part of a Muslim-majority Pakistan, while the East Punjab became part of a Hindu-majority India.

Why Pakistan was created?

Conceived as a homeland for Indian Muslims, Pakistan was carved out of the northwestern and northeastern extremities of the subcontinent at the time of the British withdrawal from India in 1947.