What was the area of British India?

How big was the British India?

British rule from the time after the mutiny is often called the Raj. During this period a tiny number of British officials and troops (about 20,000 in all) ruled over 300 million Indians. This was often seen as evidence that most Indians accepted and even approved of British rule.

Which countries were part of British India?

The British Indian Empire included the regions of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and, in addition, at various times, Aden (from 1858 to 1937), Lower Burma (from 1858 to 1937), Upper Burma (from 1886 to 1937) (Burma was detached from British India in 1937), British Somaliland (briefly from 1884 to 1898), …

What was India’s place in the British Empire?

India was an important part of the British Empire in the late 1800s and early 1900s. In fact, India was often considered to be Britain’s most important colony from an economic standpoint and as a result was referred to as the ‘Jewel in the Crown’.

How long was India a British colony?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

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Who Ruled India first?

The Mauryan Empire was the first pan-Indian empire. It covered most of the Indian region and was founded around 321 B.C.E.

Was India rich before British rule?

India had also achieved considerable success in building a thriving economy with flourishing trade and commerce well before the colonial period – the economic wealth of India was amply acknowledged by British observers such as Adam Smith.

Is India still under British?

Accordingly, the British monarch’s regnal title, “Emperor of India,” was abandoned. The Dominion of India came into existence as British India was both partitioned and beset with religious violence.

Dominion of India.

Union of India
History
• Independence and dominion 15 August 1947
• Republic 26 January 1950
Area

How did Britain get India?

The British presence in India began through trade. Men like Robert Clive of the British East India Company combined military prowess with a ruthless ambition and became fabulously wealthy. With wealth came power, and traders took control of huge swathes of India. This clip is from the series Empire.

When did Britain leave India?

The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

Who ruled India before British?

The Mughal Empire

The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy.

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What good did British do to India?

So let’s take a look at 7 Good Things The British Did For India And Indians!

  • English language. The reason they taught English to the Indians was to have an ease of administration. …
  • Indian Railways. …
  • Army. …
  • Vaccination. …
  • Social reforms. …
  • India census. …
  • Surveying India.

How long did Britain rule Punjab?

Punjab Province (British India)

Punjab Province
1849–1947
Flag Coat of arms
Map of British Punjab 1909
Capital Lahore Muree (summer capital) (1873–1876) Shimla (summer capital) (1876–1947)