Best answer: Is Urdu an official language of India?

The Urdu language is spoken predominantly in Pakistan and India. It is the official state language of Pakistan and is also officially recognized in the constitution of India.

When did Urdu become an official language in India?

More recently, Urdu has mainly been connected with the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent, but there are many major works of Urdu literature written by Hindu and Sikh writers. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Urdu was chosen to be the national language of the new country.

What is the official language of India?

Hindi in Devanagari script is the official language of the Union . The form of numerals to be used for official purposes of the Union is the international form of Indian numerals {Article 343 (1) of the Constitution }. In addition to Hindi language English language may also be used for official purposes.

What are the 22 official languages in India?

1) Assamese, (2) Bengali, (3) Gujarati, (4) Hindi, (5) Kannada, (6) Kashmiri, (7) Konkani, (8) Malayalam, (9) Manipuri, (10) Marathi, (11) Nepali, (12) Oriya, (13) Punjabi, (14) Sanskrit, (15) Sindhi, (16) Tamil, (17) Telugu, (18) Urdu (19) Bodo, (20) Santhali, (21) Maithili and (22) Dogri.

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What is the official language of India and Pakistan?

Hindustani language, lingua franca of northern India and Pakistan. Two variants of Hindustani, Urdu and Hindi, are official languages in Pakistan and India, respectively.

Is Urdu closer to Hindi or Punjabi?

So, in India, Punjabi is closer to Hindi and it is closer to Urdu in Pakistan. Hindi and Urdu are pretty alike when spoken, and a lot (all) of Hindi speakers can understand, in fact use, many Urdu words.

Is Urdu and Arabic similar?

Urdu and Arabic are two languages that are usually associated with the Muslim community. … However, the main difference between Urdu and Arabic is their language families; Urdu belongs to Indo-European language family whereas Arabic belongs to Afro-Asiatic language family.

What is the official language of Pakistan?

The Indian constitution does not specify the official languages to be used by the states for the conduct of their official functions and leaves each state free to, through its legislature, adopt Hindi or any language used in its territory as its official language or languages.

Which is oldest language in India?

This language is spoken in India, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia. World’s oldest language is Sanskrit. The Sanskrit language is called Devbhasha.

How many languages are spoken in Pakistan?

There are between 70 and 80 languages spoken in Pakistan. Urdu is the national language and one of two official languages. English is the other official language. The 1998 Census lists the most spoken primary languages as: Punjabi, Pushto, Sindhi, Saraiki, Urdu, and Balochi.

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How many languages does China speak?

Officially, there are 302 living languages in China. Depending on your definition of “language” and “dialect,” this number can vary somewhat. The number of speakers of many of China’s minority languages and dialects has decreased in recent years, and some of them are now considered endangered.

Is English the main language in India?

India has no National Language as per the Constitution but has Hindi and English as the official languages. As per Article 343 of the Indian Constitution: (1) The official language of the Union of India shall be Hindi written in Devanagari script.

Is Urdu a written language?

Apart from religious associations, the differences are largely restricted to the standard forms: Standard Urdu is conventionally written in the Nastaliq style of the Persian alphabet and relies heavily on Persian and Arabic as a source for technical and literary vocabulary, whereas Standard Hindi is conventionally …

Which is older Hindi or Urdu?

Hindi is older than urdu language. Hindi language is derived from sanskrit language and more than one thousand year older from present time. The urdu language has totally improved in mediaval history in between 15th century-17th century .

Who created Urdu?

Urdu developed in the 12th century ce from the regional Apabhramsha of northwestern India, serving as a linguistic modus vivendi after the Muslim conquest. Its first major poet was Amir Khosrow (1253–1325), who composed dohas (couplets), folk songs, and riddles in the newly formed speech, then called Hindvi.