Best answer: How did British established factories in India?

Mughal emperor Jahangir granted a farman to Captain William Hawkins permitting the English to erect a factory at Surat in 1613. In 1615, Thomas Roe, the Ambassador to James I, got an imperial farman from Jahangir to trade and establish factories all across the Mughal empire.

When did British established their first factory in India?

The company established its first Indian factory in 1611 at Masulipatnam on the Andhra Coast of the Bay of Bengal; and a second at Surat in 1613.

Where did the British first establish their factories in India?

Complete answer: The first English factory in India was established at Surat. However, after four centuries, these early footmarks of the British had been wiped out. There were no remains of a factory or a warehouse. According to historian HG Rawlinson, the factory in Surat was one of the best one.

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How did the British East India Company established in India?

The East India Company was an English company formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India. Incorporated by royal charter on December 31, 1600, it was started as a monopolistic trading body so that England could participate in the East Indian spice trade. … Learn more about the spice trade.

Who established first factory in India?

The French set up their first factory at Surat in 1668 and after one year they set up their second factory at Masulipatnam in 1669. Portuguese established their first factory in India at Calicut in 1500 AD and second at Cochin. Dutch established their first factory in Masulipattanam in 1605 AD.

How did British occupy India?

The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.

Where did the British established their first factory in the southern coast?

The British established their first Indian factory (trading post) at Surat (1612). The city gradually declined throughout the 18th century. The British and Dutch both claimed control, but in 1800 its administration passed to the British.

Which one of the following was the first fort constructed by the British in India?

Fort St George was constructed in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras. This is considered as the first fort constructed by British in India.

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Which city was the first capital of British India?

In 1772, when Calcutta was announced as the capital of British India, Warren Hastings, the first and most famous of the British governor-general of India moved all important offices from Murshidabad — the former capital of Bengal during Mughal Period — to Calcutta.

Who established first English factory in Surat?

When Henry Middleton entered India, there was an opposition from the Portuguese, but the British defeated the Portuguese in the Battle of Bombay in 1611. But he was able to get a permission from the local Mughal governors to open a factory in India, so in 1611 the first English Factory was established in Surat.

How was The East India Company established?

In 1600, a group of English businessmen asked Elizabeth I for a royal charter that would let them voyage to the East Indies on behalf of the crown in exchange for a monopoly on trade. The merchants put up nearly 70,000 pounds of their own money to finance the venture, and the East India Company was born.

What steps did the British company take for expanding the British power in India?


  • The system of Subsidiary Alliances. Under this alliance, the Indian ruler was half submissive to the British rule and also to pay the subsidy of his territory. …
  • Outright war. …
  • The assumption of the territories of previously subordinated rulers.

Who first came to India for trading purpose?

The correct answer is Portuguese. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama was the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean at Calicut in India.

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Why did the British set up their factories on the western coast of India?

The British set up their first factories on western coast because Surat in the state of Gujarat had a long coastline. Further, several ships from Persia, Africa and East Asia arrived at Surat for trade purposes. The Western coast of India was well connected to Africa, Middle east Asia and Europe (via the sea route).